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Hep Express Issue 65

Issue Number 65, December 12, 2007
 
Contents of this Issue
1. Errors corrected in recommendations for eliminating hepatitis B transmission in infants, children, and teens
2. CDC releases new report on health disparities in HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, STDs, and tuberculosis
3. Washington State API Hepatitis B Task Force offers 2008 calendar
4. New APIA brochure available from Free Hepatitis Info
5. Now's a great time to place an order for IAC's top-quality products, especially if you have 2007 year-end dollars to spend
6. IAC posts new and revised education materials, some in translation
7. Adult Immunization Schedule available in more formats
8. CDC updates "Vaccine Management," an essential document on vaccine storage and handling
9. CDC series on Epidemiology and Prevention of VPDs ceases live broadcast; will be available on DVD and Internet only
10. Selected studies presented at November AASLD meeting available online
11. APAMSA's November Hepatitis B Training meeting slides available online
12. VHPB updates its website with new resources
13. Journal articles you may have missed

ABBREVIATIONS: ACIP, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; DVH, Division of Viral Hepatitis; HAV, hepatitis A virus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; HCV, hepatitis C virus; IAC, Immunization Action Coalition; IDU, injection drug user; MMWR, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; MSM, men who have sex with men; STD, sexually transmitted disease; VIS, Vaccine Information Statement; WHO, World Health Organization.
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December 12, 2007
ERRORS CORRECTED IN RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ELIMINATING HEPATITIS B TRANSMISSION IN INFANTS, CHILDREN, AND TEENS

[The following is cross posted from the Immunization Action Coalition's "IAC EXPRESS" electronic newsletter, 12/10/07.]

CDC published "Errata: Vol. 54, No. RR-16" in the December 7 issue of MMWR. It concerns errors that appeared in the MMWR Recommendations and Reports titled "A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)--Part 1: Immunization of Infants, Children, and Adolescents," which was published December 23, 2005. The errata are reprinted below in their entirety.

The errata concern one correction to Table 2 of the recommendations and several corrections to Table 4. It is easier to follow the text of the errata with the corrected Table 4 at hand. Here is the link to the corrected Table 4: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/pdfs/correctedtable4.pdf

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In the MMWR Recommendations and Reports, "A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)--Part 1: Immunization of Infants, Children, and Adolescents," the following errors occurred:

On page 8, in Table 2, in the first row, "Infants (<1 yr)," under the column heading "Combination vaccine, Pediarix, Dose (microgram)," the text should read, "10."

On page 9, in Table 4, under the column heading "Recommendation," the second bullet should read, "Administer 3 additional hepatitis B vaccine doses with single-antigen vaccine at ages 1, 2-3, and 6 mos or hepatitis B-containing combination vaccine at ages 2, 4, and 6 mos (Pediarix) or 2, 4, and 12-15 mos (Comvax)."

The fourth bullet should read, "Test for HBsAg and antibody to HBsAg 1-2 mos after completion of >=3 doses of a licensed hepatitis B vaccine series (i.e., at age 9-18 mos, generally at the next well-child visit). Testing should not be performed before age 9 mos nor within 4 wks of the most recent vaccine dose."

The seventh bullet should read, "Administer 3 additional hepatitis B vaccine doses with single-antigen vaccine at ages 1, 2-3, and 6 mos or hepatitis B-containing combination vaccine at ages 2, 4, and 6 mos (Pediarix) or 2, 4, and 12-15 mos (Comvax)."

The 10th bullet should read, "Complete the hepatitis B vaccine series with single-antigen vaccine at ages 2 mos and 6-18 mos or hepatitis B-containing combination vaccine at ages 2, 4, and 6 mos (Pediarix) or 2, 4, and 12-15 mos (Comvax)."

The following footnote should be added to Table 4: "The final dose in the vaccine series should not be administered before age 24 weeks (164 days)."

The corrected Table 4 is available in its entirety at http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/pdfs/correctedtable4.pdf

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To access a web-text (HTML) version of the errata, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5648a6.htm

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)--Part 1: Immunization of Infants, Children, and Adolescents," go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5416.pdf
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December 12, 2007
CDC RELEASES NEW REPORT ON HEALTH DISPARITIES IN HIV/AIDS, VIRAL HEPATITIS, STDs, AND TUBERCULOSIS

On November 20, CDC released a report titled "Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Tuberculosis in the U.S: Issues, Burden and Response." This report was developed with support from the Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention, and Tuberculosis Elimination, as well as state and territorial health departments and community-based partners.

The report presents a retrospective review of CDC surveillance data for HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis over the period of 2000-2004, and summarizes selected programmatic, educational, and research activities implemented to reduce disparities in these diseases. Despite significant progress in the prevention of these diseases, some populations continue to endure a disproportionate burden of disease.

The following information is excerpted from the section on viral hepatitis.

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A has historically been one of the most frequent notifiable diseases in the United States. However, with the 1995 introduction of vaccines to prevent hepatitis A virus infection, there has been a substantial reduction in disease incidence. In 2004, the overall rate of hepatitis A, 1.9 cases per 100,000 population, was the lowest ever recorded. With the introduction of vaccines, the epidemiologic profile of this disease has experienced changes in the past years, with an increase in the proportion of cases occurring among adults, particularly those in high-risk populations, such as international travelers and MSM.

Hepatitis B
In 2004 the number of reported cases of hepatitis B was 6,212. The overall incidence rate of hepatitis B was 2.1 cases per 100,000 population. This rate is the lowest recorded, and it represents a decline of 27.6% since 2000. Rates of hepatitis B are not only low, but also continue to decline among all racial and ethnic groups. Rates of hepatitis B remain highest among non-Hispanic blacks, with 2.9 cases per 100,000 population, and they are the lowest among Hispanics, with 1 case per 100,000 population, a rate lower than that of non-Hispanic whites, 1.3 cases per 100,000 population.

Editor's note: This publication reports on acute disease only, so there is no discussion of the race/ethnicity disparities regarding chronic HBV infection.

Hepatitis C
The incidence of hepatitis C has declined since the late 1980s. The majority of hepatitis C cases continue to occur among adults, with injecting drug use as the most commonly identified risk factor for infection. In 2004, there were 758 cases of confirmed acute hepatitis C (0.3 cases per 100,000 population). The incidence of hepatitis C has declined in all racial groups since 1995. In 2004, rates were similar across racial and ethnic groups, ranging from 0.06/100,000 among Asian/Pacific Islanders to 0.57/100,000 among American Indian/Alaska Natives.

As in previous years, the rate of hepatitis C in 2004 is higher among males, with a rate of 0.3 per 100,000 population, than in females, with a rate of 0.2 per 100,000 population. However, this difference has diminished over the decade, and in 2004 the ratio of male to female rates was the smallest observed since reporting began.

To read or download the report, go to:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/healthdisparities/docs/
NCHHSTPHealthDisparitiesReport1107.pdf
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December 12, 2007
WASHINGTON STATE API HEPATITIS B TASK FORCE OFFERS 2008 CALENDAR

The 2008 Washington State API Hepatitis B Task Force's calendar is now available! Download this beautiful two-page culturally appropriate work of art online at http://www.apihepbwa.org/files/2008Calendar.pdf

You can also request hard copies by emailing Debbie Nakano at debbien@withinreachwa.org with your mailing address and the quantity. Supplies are limited, so the organization may not be able to meet your quantity request. Postage charges may also apply.
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December 12, 2007
NEW APIA BROCHURE AVAILABLE FROM FREE HEPATITIS INFO

Free Hepatitis Info, a project of Visionary Health Concepts, has developed a new pamphlet for Asian Pacific Islander Americans. "Living with HBV" was reviewed by Danny Chu, MD, Punyadech Photangtham, MD, and Richie Tran, MD, and is available in English, Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese.

Interested parties can order free print copies until December 31. The pamphlet can also be downloaded in color or black-and-white from their website. To preview, download, or order, go to: http://www.freehepatitisinfo.com/edu_Asian_HBV.htm
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December 12, 2007
NOW'S A GREAT TIME TO PLACE AN ORDER FOR IAC'S TOP-QUALITY PRODUCTS, ESPECIALLY IF YOU HAVE 2007 YEAR-END DOLLARS TO SPEND

[The following is cross posted from the Immunization Action Coalition's "IAC EXPRESS" electronic newsletter, 11/20/07.]

Private practices, public clinics, corporations, and health departments find IAC's immunization products to be of great value in simplifying and improving the quality of vaccination delivery. We hope you will take this opportunity to add to your supply of immunization products by placing an order soon. Making purchases in November is a smart move--before you get distracted by year-end projects and, for those whose fiscal year ends on December 31, before your fiscal 2007 dollars run out. If you can make major or bulk purchases, please do--and receive quantity discounts.

We'd like to call your attention to two exciting changes in IAC's product line:

  • We are now offering the training video "ImmunizationTechniques: Safe, Effective, Caring" for ONLY $10.50 PER COPY! If you have been waiting to purchase one or multiple copies of this popular item, now's the time. See details below.
     
  • IAC's laminated version of the Adult Immunization Schedule (for use in October 2007-September 2008) is hot off the presses, with a new addition. This year's version includes a "Guide to Contraindications and Precautions to Commonly Used Vaccines in Adults." This addition makes the laminated Schedule more useful than ever. See details below.

If you haven't shopped with IAC lately, you're in for a pleasant surprise. You can now shop online, using our online shopping cart to buy any and all of our products with one simple transaction. Following is a rundown of what the cart includes--if you think any of these products will help you, please consider a purchase. You'll be getting top-quality products for distribution in your practice, organization, agency, or company.


HUGE DISCOUNT ON "IMMUNIZATION TECHNIQUES" VIDEOTAPE AND DVD!
In October, California Distance Learning Health Network, our supplier, reduced the price of its popular immunization training video "Immunization Techniques: Safe, Effective, Caring" to a remarkable $10.50 per copy. Previously the videotape was priced at $30 and the DVD at $35.

If you vaccinate children or adults, your practice needs this training video. Developed by the California Department of Health Services Immunization Branch in collaboration with a team of national experts, the video is considered a vital immunization tool. In fact, since IAC began distributing it, we have delivered orders for 23,000 copies.

In a short 35 minutes, it teaches best practices for administering intramuscular (IM) and subcutaneous (SC) vaccines to infants, children, and adults. It is designed for use as a "hands-on" instructional program for new staff and as a refresher course for experienced vaccinators.

The video is available in VHS tape and DVD formats. For information about the two formats and the print materials included with each, or to order online or to download an order form, visit www.immunize.org/shop

For quotes on placing orders in excess of 500 copies, call (651) 647-9009 or email admininfo@immunize.org


LAMINATED IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULES
IAC's durable versions of the current immunization schedules are a must for every exam room in your practice. We offer them for two age groups--adults (people age 19 and older) and children/teens (people age 0-18 years). Each is coated in heavy plastic, comes complete with essential footnotes, and is printed in color for easy reading.

Adult Schedule
IAC's laminated adult immunization schedule is based on the "Recommended Schedule for Adult Immunization, United States, October 2007-September 2008," which was approved by ACIP/AAFP/ACOG/ACP and published in MMWR on October 19.

In creating the laminated version, IAC has expanded the adult schedule from four pages to six by adding a chart, "Guide to Contraindications and Precautions to Commonly Used Vaccines in Adults." IAC adapted the chart from "General Recommendations on Immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices," which was published in MMWR on December 1, 2006. Healthcare professionals will find the chart extremely valuable in making an on-the-spot determination about vaccinating any patient.

The six-page schedule, printed back-to-back, measures 8.5" x 11" when folded. Prices start at $6 each for 1-4 copies and drop to $4 each for 5-19 copies. Discount pricing is available for 20 or more copies. For quotes on customizing or placing orders in excess of 999 schedules, call (651) 647-9009 or email admininfo@immunize.org

Child/Teen Schedule
IAC's laminated child/teen immunization schedule is based on the "Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0-6 Years, United States, 2007" and the "Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 7-18 Years, United States, 2007." Both were approved by ACIP/AAP/AAFP and published in MMWR on January 5, 2007. This laminated schedule will expire soon. To order the new laminated child/teen schedule, please check back in January 2008 at www.immunize.org/shop

The child/teen schedule is four pages, printed back-to-back, and measures 8.5" x 11" when folded. Prices start at $5 each for 1-4 copies and drop to $3 each for 5-19 copies. Discount pricing is available for 20 or more copies. For quotes on customizing or placing orders in excess of 999 schedules, call (651) 647-9009 or email admininfo@immunize.org

To learn more about the schedules and to view images of each, or to order online or download an order form, visit www.immunize.org/shop


IMMUNIZATION RECORD CARDS
IAC now offers three vaccination record cards: the popular adult card (more than 5 million sold) and two new cards--one for recording child and teen vaccinations and another for recording lifetime vaccinations (updated 10/07).

The card trio offers health professionals a way to help any patient maintain a permanent record of their vaccinations. A patient-held card is handy for patients when they enter school, change healthcare providers, or travel abroad.

Designed for a specific age group, each card lists all vaccines recommended for people in the age group. Features of the cards include the following:

  • All recently licensed vaccines: MCV, HPV, Rota, Tdap, zoster
  • A column to record the due date for next vaccine dose
  • Patient's name and birth date on both sides (helpful when photocopying)
  • Space for patient I.D. number

The cards are printed on durable rip-, smudge-, and water-proof paper. Sized to fit in a wallet, they are brightly colored to stand out. To learn more about IAC's cards and to view images of each, or to order online or download an order form, visit www.immunize.org/shop

To request sample cards, email admininfo@immunize.org

Pricing starts at one box (250 cards) for $35. The first order of a 250-card box comes with a 30-day, money-back guarantee. Discounts are available for larger orders: two boxes (500 cards) for $65; three boxes (750 cards) for $90; four boxes (1,000 cards) for $110.

In recent years, many states, health plans, and corporate partners have placed large orders for IAC's record cards and had them customized with special colors, logos, and text. For quotes on customizing or placing orders in excess of 200 boxes, call (651) 647-9009 or email admininfo@immunize.org
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December 12, 2007
IAC POSTS NEW AND REVISED EDUCATION MATERIALS, SOME IN TRANSLATION

IAC recently posted 11 new or revised resources related to hepatitis or general immunization.

IAC is now offering its "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, French, Korean, Russian, and Vietnamese in addition in English.

(1) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Spanish, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-01.pdf

(2) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Arabic, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-20.pdf

(3) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Chinese, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-08.pdf

(4) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in French, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-10.pdf

(5) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Korean, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-09.pdf

(6) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Russian, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-07.pdf

(7) To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in Vietnamese, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065-05.pdf

To access the ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Screening Questionnaire for Adult Immunization" in English, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4065.pdf

IAC recently revised its one-page professional-education piece "Guide to Contraindications and Precautions to Commonly Used Vaccines in Adults." The piece now incorporates the most recent changes regarding use of the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV; nasal-spray formulation), as well as other changes.

(8) To access the revised piece, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p3072.pdf

IAC recently posted Spanish-language versions of three of its patient-education materials.

(9) To access "Vacunas para adultos: Nunca se es muy viejo para vacunarse!" ("Vaccinations for Adults: You're never too old to get immunized!") in ready-to-print (PDF) format, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4030-01.pdf

To access "Vaccinations for Adults: You're never too old to get immunized!" in English, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4030.pdf

(10) To access "Que vacunas necesita si esta infectado con el VIH?" ("If You Have HIV, Which Vaccinations Do You Need?") in ready-to-print (PDF) format, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4041-01.pdf

To access "If You Have HIV, Which Vaccinations Do You Need?" in English, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4041.pdf

(11) To access "Que vacunas necesita si tiene hepatitis C?" ("If You Have Hepatitis C, Which Vaccinations Do You Need?") in ready-to-print (PDF) format, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4042-01.pdf

To access "If You Have Hepatitis C, Which Vaccinations Do You Need?" in English, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4042.pdf

All IAC education materials can be accessed at http://www.immunize.org/free You can always check what's new and revised on the IAC website by going to http://www.immunize.org/new
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December 12, 2007
ADULT IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE AVAILABLE IN MORE FORMATS

The CDC website recently posted the Adult Immunization Schedule for October 2007-September 2008 in four additional formats: black and white brochure size (11" x 17"), color brochure size (11" x 17"), color regular size (8/5" x 11"), and color pocket size (6" x 4.5").

To access, the Adult Immunization Schedule in all available CDC versions, go to:
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/adult-schedule.htm

In addition, laminated copies of the Adult Immunization Schedule are available for sale on the IAC website.

To access the laminated version of the Adult Immunization
Schedule, go to: http://www.immunize.org/shop/schedule_adult.asp

The Group on Immunization Education of the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine recently announced that it has updated its "Shots 2007" software to reflect the Adult Immunization Schedule for 2007-08. The software can be downloaded for FREE to Palm-OS and Pocket-PCs handhelds. "Shots 2007 Online" software is also available.

To access "Shots 2007" for Palm-OS handhelds and Pocket-PCs handhelds, as well as "Shots 2007 Online," go to:
http://www.immunizationed.org/anypage.aspx?pagename=shotshome
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December 12, 2007
CDC UPDATES "VACCINE MANAGEMENT," AN ESSENTIAL DOCUMENT ON VACCINE STORAGE AND HANDLING

[The following is cross posted from the Immunization Action Coalition's "IAC EXPRESS" electronic newsletter, 11/26/07.]

Newly updated, "Vaccine Management," CDC's comprehensive and authoritative document on vaccine storage and handling, is now available for downloading. The document covers an array of vaccines (including combination vaccines) and succinctly presents the following information on each:

  • Shipping requirements
  • Condition on arrival
  • Storage requirements
  • Shelf life
  • Instructions for use
  • Shelf life after opening
  • Special instructions

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "Vaccine Management," go to:
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/downloads/bk-vac-mgt.pdf
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(9 of 13)
December 12, 2007
CDC SERIES ON EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION OF VPDs CEASES LIVE BROADCAST; WILL BE AVAILABLE ON DVD AND INTERNET ONLY

[The following is cross posted from the Immunization Action Coalition's "IAC EXPRESS" electronic newsletter, 12/3/07.]

The satellite broadcast series Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases has been presented at least once a year since 1995. Because of escalating costs and limited availability of the CDC broadcast facility, the series will no longer be presented as a live broadcast. Beginning in 2008, this training program will be available only on DVD and by Internet. The 2008 series is expected to be available in late spring. Future issues of NCIRD's electronic newsletter Immunization Works and IAC's IAC Express [and Hep Express] will keep readers informed as specific details are made available.
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(10 of 13)
December 12, 2007
SELECTED STUDIES PRESENTED AT NOVEMBER AASLD MEETING AVAILABLE ONLINE

The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) recently held their 58th Annual Liver Meeting in Boston. AASLD members and speakers can go to http://www.aasld.org to log in to view the official meeting coverage and complete CME activities. For non-members, the following hepatitis-related items are
available online through various sources.

(1) An AASLD press release reported on a study presented at the meeting which found an association between HCV and tattoos after adjusting for age, sex, and race/ethnicity. The researchers concluded that all patients with tattoos should be tested for HCV.

To read this AASLD press release, go to:
https://www.aasld.org/eweb/DynamicPage.aspx?webcode=07LMPR_Tattoo

(2) The Hepatitis B Foundation posted an abstract from the meeting titled "Screening for Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection by Primary Care Physicians in New York City: Are Screening Recommendations for Persons Born in Endemic Countries Being Followed?"

To read this abstract, go to:
http://www.imakenews.com/hepbcure/
e_article000959417.cfm?x=bbHB372,b6FgnVBW

(3) The number of U.S. patients registered for liver transplantation for decompensated liver disease secondary to HBV has decreased by 37 percent since 2000, according to a study presented at the meeting and published on MedPage Today.

To read more about this study, go to:
http://www.medpagetoday.com/MeetingCoverage/AASLDMeeting/dh/7234
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December 12, 2007
APAMSA'S NOVEMBER HEPATITIS B TRAINING MEETING SLIDES AVAILABLE ONLINE

While 5,000 of the world's leading hepatologists discussed recent research developments at the annual AASLD Liver Meeting in Boston, 85 medical students from more than 50 different medical schools convened across the street for the second Asian Pacific American Medical Student Association Hepatitis B Outreach Training.

The Asian Pacific American Medical Student Association (APAMSA) is a national organization representing more than 15,000 medical students nationwide and comprising over 100 medical school chapters across the country. APAMSA's mission is to improve the health and well-being of the Asian Pacific American (APA) community.

One of the most serious concerns in the APA community is hepatitis B, which affects one in 10 Asian Americans. APAMSA's response to this issue is a national service project, "APAMSA Fights to Break the Hepatitis B Cycle!" dedicated to educating, screening, and immunizing the APA community for hepatitis B.

As part of this project, APAMSA has held two training meetings. To read the press release and view the year-in-review slide set shown at this year's meeting, go to:
http://www.apamsa.org/home/news_events/2007_hepb_meeting_press.php

To access the APAMSA web section devoted to hepatitis B, go to:
http://www.apamsa.org/home/programs/hepb
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December 12, 2007
VHPB UPDATES ITS WEBSITE WITH NEW RESOURCES

The Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board (VHPB) website has been updated to include information from the meeting held in Athens, November 15-16, 2007: "Prevention and control of viral hepatitis in Greece: Lessons learnt and the way forward."

The meeting information is on the home page of the VHPB website at http://www.vhpb.org

A select number of Viral Hepatitis issues have been translated into Russian. To access these translated documents, go to the VHPB at http://www.vhpb.org, click on "Meetings and publications" in the left column, and then choose "Russian material."
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(13 of 13)
December 12, 2007
JOURNAL ARTICLES YOU MAY HAVE MISSED

The following journal articles present research related to viral hepatitis prevention or treatment.

"Hepatitis A and B Vaccination and Public Health"
Authors: Blaine Hollinger F, Bell B, Levy-Bruhl D, Shouval D,
Wiersma S, Van Damme P
Source: J Viral Hepat, November 2007, Vol. 14(Suppl 1:1-5)
Click here for abstract.

"Deficiencies in the Standardization and Sensitivity of
Diagnostic Tests for Hepatitis B Virus"
Authors: Gerlich WH, Glebe D, Schüttler CG
Source: J Viral Hepat, November 2007, Vol. 14(Suppl 1:16-21)
Click here for abstract.

"Acute Hepatitis C in a Contemporary U.S. Cohort: Modes of
Acquisition and Factors Influencing Viral Clearance"
Authors: Wang CC, Krantz E, Klarquist J, et al.
Source: J Infect Dis, November 15, 2007,Vol. 196(10):1474-1482
Click here for abstract.

"The Changing Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in
Europe"
Authors: Esteban JI, Sauleda S, Quer J
Source: J Hepatol, November 5, 2007 (early Epub)
Click here for abstract.

"Outcome of Screening for Hepatitis C Virus Infection Based on
Risk Factors"
Authors: Mallette C, Flynn MA, Promrat K
Source: Am J Gastroenterol, September 25, 2007 (early Epub)
Click here for abstract.


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